As the preceding County class cruisers had virtually no armour, protection was added into the design and included a 3-inch-thick (76 mm), 8-foot-deep (2 m) main belt and an armoured lower deck joining at its top edge. The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered but not completed for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in 1916. [2][5], As with all German battlecruisers that had been built, the Ersatz Yorck-class ships would have been equipped with four sets of Parsons steam turbines,[7] each of which drove a 3-bladed screw that was 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in) in diameter. In the sea state running, the Yorck was better able to make speed than the cruisers. The big cruiser SMS Yorck belonged to the Roon class, which consisted of only two ships and were built shortly after the turn of the century. The crew of the ship was to consist of 47 officers and 1,180 sailors. Displacement rose about 2,500 t (2,500 long tons) compared to the Mackensen class, with about 1,000 t (980 long tons) of that increase being a result of the heavier 38 cm guns. Some material for Ersatz Gneisenau had been constructed, including the ship's diesel generators, which were subsequently installed in the first four Type U 151 U-boats U-151, U-152, U-153, and U-154. Both ships served in vigorously in the first few years of World War II. [3][4], In a meeting on 12 August, Hebbinghaus stated that he wanted to build ships that were similar to traditional battleship designs, preferring survivability to offensive power; he argued that the Mackensens should be cancelled in favor of this new type, since they had been designed before the navy had any war experience on which to base them. Comments: Virtual repeats of the Prinz Adalbert class with slight increase in speed and slightly modified armour layout. The then called Yorck class also included 38 cm guns and were the first German capital ships with only one funnel. The length and draft were also increased to keep the ships' speed from falling too much. The fourth and final Naval Law, passed in 1912, governed the building program of the German Navy during World War I. 14 new cruisers. Another meeting on 24 August concluded that all seven ships of the Mackensen class would be built as designed, the General Navy Department noting that they would "still undoubtedly represent a very valuable addition to the fleet in 1919. BTW IIRC both the K-class and the Hipper class of cruisers had slopes on their armour decks. Crew 633. These included a significant reduction in smoke interference with the spotting tops and additional room to move the tripod mast further aft, which reduced the risk of the mast falling on the conning tower in the event of battle damage and increased the field of view from the spotting top. The other two ships, Ersatz Gneisenau, and Ersatz Scharnhorst, were considered to be replacements for the armored cruisers Gneisenau and Scharnhorst, both of which had been sunk at the Battle of the Falkland Islands, also in 1914. The ships were also to be equipped with eight 8.8 cm (3.5 in) SK L/45 flak guns in single pedestal mounts. Their slightly greater size reduced their speed somewhat, from 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph) in the Mackensen-class ships to 27.3 knots (50.6 km/h; 31.4 mph) for the new vessels. By that time, Ersatz Friedrich Carl had been laid down the previous November, and was too far along to be converted, leaving the last three Mackensens as the only members available to be rearmed. It was initially planned to build seven ships of this class, though in the end only two were constructed—HMS York, started in 1927, and HMS Exeter, started in 1928. The Royal Navy had a need for smaller cruisers than the County class, the largest design possible under the Washington limits, in order that more could be built under the strict defence economies of 1920s Britain. These guns fired 9 kg (20 lb) shells, and had an effective ceiling of 9,150 m (30,020 ft) at 70 degrees. Yorck 20,031 ihp = 21.4 knots Armour: 6in belt, 7in turret faces, 2.5-1.5in decks Armament: 4 x 8.2in 40cal (2 x 2), 10 x 5.9in 40 cal (10 x 1), 14 x 3.45in 35 cal (14 x 1), 4 x 17.7in TT. This was raked in York to clear the flue gasses from the bridge, but was straight in Exeter owing to an altered bridge design and more extensive trunking. The primary change was an increase of the main battery from eight 35-centimeter (14 in) guns to eight 38 cm (15 in) weapons. The Yorck heads straight for the two cruisers, firing as it goes. Ultimately, both ships were lost in action by early 1942. [6], The Ersatz Yorck-class ships were an enlargement of the previous Mackensen-class ships. The Yorck is a paper ship that was never built. Muzzle velocity was 805 meters per second (2,640 ft/s). These guns were intended for defense against torpedo boats, and were supplied with a total of 2,240 shells. The guns had a sustained rate of fire of 5 to 7 rounds per minute. She augmented the forces assigned to the I Scouting Group , which primarily consisted of the battlecruisers Seydlitz , Moltke , and Von der Tann and the large armored cruiser … Ersatz Yorck, a replacement for the armored cruiser Yorck, was awarded to AG Vulcan in Hamburg on 10 April 1915. The ships were planned to displace 33,500 t (33,000 long tons) as designed and up to 38,000 t (37,000 long tons) fully laden. Over the magazine spaces, the belt thickened to 4in, and the armour extended above the belt, with a 2.5-in magazine crown The turrets had 2in armour to the face and crown, 1.5in on sides and rear, and the barbettes on which the turrets sat had 1in armour. The Panzerschiffe are a special case, as they are not really battleships. Capelle stated that the last three Mackensens—Ersatz Yorck, Ersatz Scharnhorst, and Ersatz Gneisenau—and Ersatz Friedrich Carl if work had not proceeded too far along, should be reordered as a completely new design, GK6, which he submitted. [2], The economies in size allowed for a 50-foot (15 m) reduction in length and 9 feet (3 m) in beam over the Counties. Ersatz Yorck class was the successor of Mackensen class. The latter were a step ahead with 7,500 tons fully loaded, 155 meters long and armed with 8 x 150 mm guns. Hello viewers! The real name isn't known, the ship was to succeed to the armoured cruiser SMS Yorck of 1904, sunk 1914. The ships were to have electrical power provided by diesel generators. The York class was the second and final class of 8-inch (203 mm)–gunned heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy under the terms of the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty. A 45 mm (1.8 in) torpedo bulkhead ran the length of the hull, several meters behind the main belt. They were 227.8 m (747 ft 5 in) long at the waterline, compared to 223 m (731 ft 8 in) on the earlier vessels. The York-class heavy cruiser was the second class of 8-inch (203.2 mm)–gunned heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy under the terms of the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty. The guns fired at a muzzle velocity of 835 metres per second (2,740 ft/s). This armour scheme was generally equivalent to that of the County class, though thicker over the machinery spaces. British heavy cruiser HMS York (C90) at Vancouver on August 10th, 1938.. You see, in most games, people often did not like the York Class when they playing in skirmish mode. The hulls were divided into eighteen watertight compartments. Owing to her well-balanced characteristics, the ship surpassed the first generation cruisers of her time, that were subject to the Washington Naval Treaty, in terms of protection, and light cruisers i [2][19], Already in 1918, the design staff revived the grosskampfschiff concept with a series of design studies that ranged from smaller counterparts to the British Courageous class of "large light cruisers" to very large, 45,000 t (44,000 long tons) battlecruisers armed with 42 cm (16.5 in) guns. However, the areas of the hull between the torpedo bulkhead and the outer wall of the ship were also used for fuel storage. Scuttled 22nd May 1941, following sustained air & sea attacks. The armor layout was identical to the preceding Mackensen class, which was itself very similar to the armor scheme on the preceding Derfflinger-class ships. Yorck— German Tier VII cruiser. The 15 cm guns had 150 mm worth of armor plating in the casemates; the guns themselves had 70 mm (2.8 in) shields to protect their crews from shell splinters. [2], The three vessels of the Ersatz Yorck class were to have been members of the Mackensen class, and initial funding for the ships was allocated on 21 February 1915. The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered for the Imperial German Navy in April 1915. The first heavy cruiser of the German line, Yorck is a radical change from her predecessors at Tiers V and VI... so much so that she is often a badly maligned and misunderstood ship. The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered but not completed for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in 1916. The name derived from the fact that the lead ship was intended as a replacement (German: ersatz) for the armored cruiser Yorck, lost to mines in 1914, and it had been ordered under the provisional Ersatz Yorck. World War 1 Service: Roon No work was done on Ersatz Scharnhorst before the ships were cancelled. York had a tall "platform" style bridge as seen in the Counties, which was somewhat distant from 'B' turret. There were three 60 cm (24 in) tubes: one in the bow, and one on each flank of the ship. This was similar to the County class, with the exception that the Yorks carried two fewer torpedo tubes, because of the narrower beam. [2][5], During the re-design process, Scheer requested that the new ships have increased armament, armor, and speed compared to the first four Mackensens, but owing to the constraints imposed, only the armament could be increased, and the deck armor and speed had to be reduced slightly to keep displacement in check. This included the ammunition magazines and the Hipper class of battleship to the decrease in speed, and GK3 share. In warship development that could be used to get around the rear superfiring main battery and... 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