4 Data-Driven Digital Marketing Tactics to Embrace in 2021, How to Learn SEO (to Create an In-House Team): Courses, Certifications and Tools, Google’s featured snippets: How to get your YouTube video featured in Google, Five Ways to Drive More Users to Your SaaS Platform, How to Build Your Personal Brand by Being Everywhere, How to Use Video Marketing to Promote a Cause, How to Improve Your Digital Marketing Skills, How To Optimize Images For Search Engines, Social Media and People, How to Create a Useful Twitter Retweet Bot, HOW TO: Re-package Your Best Content for More Exposure (and Links), Impossible CAPTCHA : It Doesn't Really Matter if You are Human or Not. How Facebook shares image links. Go to the Facebook Debugger; Paste the URL for the page/post in the field; Click the "Fetch new scrape information" button. The image must be at least 50px by 50px and have a maximum aspect ratio of 3:1. Thanks again. Everything working fine. I worry about using so many plugins though for speed issues… why bleed speed when you can hardcode into the theme? This can mean that your website is showing cached (old) information to Facebook making it impossible for Facebook to get the updated information. And, as it turns out, it’s very easy to do! FB is still grabbing the wrong images. Follow our 2500-pixel recommendation to ensure your images will work for Facebook posts. @Adrienne, thanks for the comment! But the image is not stored on Facebook. When you use Facebook's Share dialogs on all platforms, you can give people an expressive sharing experience regardless of how they've logged into your app. Brilliant. Hey, one question on this! These images are 1200 X 628 pixels in size which the 1.91:1 image ratio is recommended by Facebook. This content is always shared as a link to the web page, but it may also include an image and/or text excerpt as well. Thanks Ann for the post. This helps make sure that when people share from your site, your content appears the way you want on Facebook, with a title, description, and image thumbnail. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Decide what information you want to collect from visitors’ Facebook profiles. Click Create Post at the top of your Page's timeline and enter the link you want to share. Is there a way to change it? When you share a post on Facebook, if it is accompanied by a well formatted Open Graph image and description, it is far more likely to be clicked and shared by users. 3. If you have done both of these things and the image or share information is still wrong, try clicking the "Fetch new scrape information" button 2 or 3 times. Exact sharing – user will share exactly the same image that he wants. The best plugin I’ve found for this is get_the_image(), combined with hard-coding the opengraph meta. @Carolyn, gotta try your tip as well. More Expressive Sharing. Do you know if the plugin Custom Image SRC works with WP 4 / still works as it is not updated in 2 years. You can share any page on the Web, including a post on your blog or website using a sharing app. Learn more about Liz », SangFroid Web, LLC – Atlanta One of my clients is an author. Add a location. Another tiny tool brought to you by Patrick St. John. I sure wish I had found this last year Ann. You can do this by going to Facebook’s debug tool. We have previously used this plugin in conjunction with the Yoast SEO plugin with no problem. After you set up your Open Graph tags, be sure to clear the cache of your website in your caching plugin or service so the new information will be available for Facebook to fetch. If your Open Graph Tags are not specified, you will see warnings that look like this: "The' og:image’ property should be explicitly provided, even if a value can be inferred from other tags.". How Facebook shares image links. Yoast WordPress SEO plugin will usually give you a warning if another plugin will conflict with the use of it's Open Graph tags. Only after the image appears you can delete the link. How much more interest could you great article result in if it *always* had a great and relevant thumbnail to go with the update? With the dialogs, you can add quotes to a link share, post photos and videos at the same time, or add a hashtag to let people connect with a community on Facebook - all while giving people a consistent experience that gives … 11115 Kimball Crest Dr. | Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Google’s Featured Snippet Deduplication: What Does It Mean for Web Publishers? Thanks so much for writing this Ann and thanks to Adrienne Smith for sharing it on Facebook. 3365 Piedmont Rd NE #1400 | Atlanta, GA 30305 I used the Custom Image SRC plugin and it works like a charm! The only issue is that this limits you to the first image in the post, but I think the lack of cognitive dissonance is key when clicking from one site to another. This sorted it out for me. Since Facebook is not a mind-reader, the result is rarely what you want and sometimes really bad. The Facebook Like button is a great way to direct traffic to specific items on your site that otherwise would not have gotten the fanfare. As a total newbie to WP, this was immensely helpful! The preview image isn't displayed until the Facebook crawler sees it, so the first person to share a page may not see a preview. Blah!! I had a heck of a time with the images not pulling them from my blog. Facebook can be very stubborn when it comes to pulling the right images. The social sharing logo isn't the image Facebook uses. If you don't choose a Page or board, your content won't push to the account. More often than not, these thumbnails will be random, to say at least: banners from the sidebar, commenter’s Gravatar photos, etc. How to check if Open Graph tags are set up: Go to the Facebook debugger (You need to be logged in to Facebook in order to be able to use the tool. When you “share” a page on Facebook, you will – in most cases – have the range of various image thumbnails to choose from. Linkedin Content Marketing: How To Make An Engagement-Boosting LinkedIn Presentation, How to Optimize Your Site for Phone Calls. Facebook is pretty clever and can usually get the right image. That being said, sometimes Yoast WordPress SEO itself is not compatible with your particular server or set up for some reason. There are two points of failure: lazy fans and hitting the like button from the website itself. I agree with Sherryl that most probably have not taken the time to pursue such a thorough solution. You can share any page on the Web, including a post on your blog or website using a sharing app. Log In Create Account. Home. Forget downloading and re-uploading images from the Web to Facebook. or I seem to be too naive for thing to work. Open the Sharing Debugger to verify that your server is returning the correct metadata to Facebook for sharing. Maybe try to debug? It's super easy to change the photo that appears as a preview image in the links on Facebook (and other social media paltforms) from your Squarespace site. This is good information to have. Smart Tech for a better Web. When publishing articles on our site, our team always cross-posts links to the same content on our Facebook fan page, where we have close to 250 thousand fans. Facebook allows us to share our website page on facebook by implementing facebook graph og: structure on top of the page. Sharing your website’s pages on Facebook is a great idea. Be sure to set an image that gives a good idea of what your brand is all about, use the name of your business for the Title, and your tagline for the Description. What I need is to create a Facebook share button which will have a custom title, url, image, description, etc. The plugin you addressed – Custom Image_Src – is no longer supported and I could not get it to work. Facebook took away the ability to edit link previews as part of ongoing efforts to combat clickbait and misinformation. Well you have to tell Facebook to empty its cache files of your site. I’ve been searching for this information for weeks! Once you have decided on which button you would like to use, copy the HTML code provided next to the button. Facebook pulls the image you see on your post from your blog. You did a fantastic job, seriously! Try sharing your URL again on LinkedIn to see if it updated. That will give you a cleaner, more engaging look. If found, Facebook will cache that image so that it doesn’t have to re-load the image from your site every time it shows up on a Facebook feed. Let people share your app or site content across platforms with the power of Stories in Facebook and Instagram, or direct messages with Facebook Messenger. this didn’t work me. And yes, good point on installing multiple plugins as well as overloading your pages with markup code! I got a security warning on the plugin page. I noticed it getting stubborn and refusing to use any images for some of my shares. Facebook is a great source of traffic for thousands of websites. But what if they’re using an outdated image? […] not be activated in the same time with “Facebook Like”. Very nicely explained about Facebook post share with image selection option and wordpress plugins for it. Connect with friends, family and other people you know. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. Custom Image Sharing. I have a paid plug-in installed that is telling Facebook which image I want pulled and for some reason, today it’s not working at all. Keep your load times low (especially on mobile) The average internet user gets frustrated and gives up on a website after only three seconds of delay—so make sure your site is blazing fast. Thanks for the Custom Image_Src plugin suggestion, Ann. Facebook scrapes the og image from the top down. Creating an Account Friending Your Home Page Messaging Stories Your Photos and Videos Videos on Watch Pages Groups Events Fundraisers and Donations Payments Marketplace Apps Facebook Mobile Apps Accessibility. But the image is not stored on Facebook. As you can see, there are two areas that show the image attached to that particular post – og:image and “When shared, this is what will be included”. You dutifully share the post on Facebook expecting it to look like this: ....and instead, you get something like this... Not only will this type of social post earn less engagement than a well-formatted one, it looks less professional. Obviously, you can always choose the best image, but will your readers do the same? That will give you a cleaner, more engaging look. Sadly…. When one posts a link via their Facebook wall you do get to choose which image to display with the link. Most of them are likelier to click “LIKE”. Select what images to share. Thank you for compiling and posting the info! Share photos and videos, send messages and get updates. Using Facebook. Today, we’ll be sharing 5 tips on how to share links on Facebook for maximum reach and engagement—so keep scrolling and enjoy! After installing Yoast SEO, go to SEO > Social > Facebook to get started. On this website you can generate custom HTML code for share buttons to use on your website or blog. If you would like a demonstration of different share image sizes you can visits my website here: Product Share Examples . We can easily share the post on Facebook by manually or from the script. You can find the post box in your Facebook Business Page under ‘posts.’ Once you paste your URL, wait for a featured image of your website and title to appear. But when you preview it in the share dialog it’s completely different, then if you post that and check it on your facebook timeline, its yet ANOTHER completely different image. Select Refresh share attachment. Here's what normally happens. I built my first website for a business in 2003 and my first WordPress website in 2006. We still haven't totally figured out what happened. Re-scraping forces Facebook to clear out the old information it has stored about your page and recognize your updated information in the Open Graph tags. Thanks for sharing this guide, I was facing the error of not fetching the perfect thumbnail. If the image is too small, Facebook may show a different image or post your content without an image. And the last thing you want to do for Facebook is set the default image URL. The use of facebook share button is when you click on share button which opens a Facebook share dialog. The current share scraper returns a list of candidate images. 19 Oct 2015 von Christian Grobmeier. To refresh the link image in a post: Navigate to the post in your newsfeed. To share something on Facebook: From the top of your News Feed, click What's on your mind, [Name]? But what if we want to have share button on actual images in the article. Doesn’t seem to work for a blogspot? There are tools you can use within your website to set the image. – plus other Publisher Tools designed not only for user satisfaction, but to get you the most Page likes, post shares, and other engagement that matters. You can then delete the text link. I have specified the og:image in my page header, and when using the Facebook debugger, it shows the CORRECT image. I spent all day trying to work this out and read a ton of posts, yours was did the trick Thanks again. Tap into the 10+ largest social networks with millions of users every day. Thank you so much!! Sometimes Facebook is really weird no matter what we do. © 2007 - 2020  SangFroid Web, LLC. It won’t pull the image for nothing. @S Emerson, yes, but how many readers would care to do that! For crisper, cleaner-looking images on Facebook, you can double the pixel dimensions but keep the ratio for an image that’s 150 DPI (dots per inch). Find or Create a Facebook "F" or "Find us on Facebook" logo image you like. Worked like a charm, been scratching my head all day trying to figure out why it was still showing my “Still under construction page” image! If you write an awesome post, the next step in the process is to promote that post on social media. Great post …thank you for sharing. THANKS! Use this tool that clears Facebook cache of the page and creates a new one. Your email address will not be published. In order to do this, you’ll want to paste your website’s URL in the post box. Managing Your Account . Likes let you learn about your visitors’ interests and preferences, allowing you to provide a much better experience for them.For instance, if you’re an ecommerce site, you could use this information to recommend products your visitors would like or offer suggestions based on their favorite activities. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. 404-496-4036 • sang@sangfroidweb.com, SangFroid Web, LLC – Alpharetta But I am a NINJA NOW! To share photos from your Page: From your News Feed, click Pages in the left menu. The Facebook Help Team says: Images that are at least 470×246 pixels will display as a rectangle with the title and description below. Never thought off! The problem with this method is that it will still miss the thumbnail, or show the incorrect one, when other people share your post on Facebook. To learn more about Facebook's image sharing best practices, visit their developer documentation . This would make it way easier! First Things First: Clear Facebook Cache! We use Yoast WordPress SEO to handle our Open Graph information, and our Open Graph images stopped working a few months ago for unknown reasons. There's a yellow image from og image as you can see in the image; then I want to change to another attractive image but failed to turn to the proper size. Any other recommended plugins that are current? Now fixed. Here’s what the page we are “liking” on Facebook looks like: (Absolutely random image from the sidebar is grabbed as the page thumbnail after someone likes your page). 5. Managing Your Account . When content is shared for the first time, the Facebook crawlerwill scrape and cache the metadata from the URL shared. If you don’t have Open Graph tags specified, Facebook can only do it’s best to fill in the blanks for image, title and description. Good to hear. When it comes to generating the image preview, the plugin will: Besides, controlling the post thumbnails on Facebook, the plugin will also handle the proper title / description within the snippet on Facebook user’s wall: Here’s the info the plugin has added to my post: cc licensed ( BY SD ) flickr photo shared by joannapoe. 2. Thanks! Tricks like this can save you a lot of time and frustration if you’re managing your own Facebook … (The image *you* want is grabbed as the page preview): There’s another way to control your page Facebook “snippets”: WP Facebook Open Graph protocol which adds Facebook Meta information to your blog pages (the plugin requires your a Facebook User ID or App ID for it to work). TAGs: ASP.Net, FaceBook Note that you do not need to implement Facebook login or request any additional permissions … Enter your URL and click the Debug button. Enter in your URL and press debug. Btw, i discovered that using the Yoast SEO plugin i can upload on the tab social media a picture to be shown on FB. Go to your Page. If your website doesn't need a button to open share dialog or Facebook provided button doesn't fit into your website design, Web Share Dialog is also provided for sharing links. This means that the first person who shares a piece of content won't see a rendered image: There are three ways to avoid this and have images render on the first Like or Share action: 1. I have never taken the time to look for this solution. One of the biggest frustrations we came across with Facebook, is when we post a link to an article that contains images, and Facebook refuses to show the image on top of the link. Their friends will have the opportunity to share with their friends, and so on. Help Center. Connect with friends, family and other people you know. Facebook … You can share photos or videos to a Facebook group from your group settings. Do I Need Someone to Manage My Website for Me? Facebook will make it square if you don’t. From time to time I have to add features that are not covered by tools like AddThis or my preferred open source solution SocialiteJS. Now i need to figure why the Google search console / Google webmaster console still shows that. Create an account or log into Facebook. Then edit the image, headline, and description to make a baseless claim that isn’t in that article. Help Center. In today’s post, I will tell you how to share your website or blog posts on Facebook directly from your WordPress site. I hope it auto-resolved at some point. I checked and we were not running the latest version of Yoast SEO. If it is still showing your old image or no image – click on … Yes, there is. We're running old school here: no iframes or JavaScript required. No idea why! Great blogpost. It it happening for the old articles or new ones? Now my website thumbnail looks great! Like it or not, it benefits you (in the first place) if you spend an effort to explain your page in a language Facebook understands. If both values are large enough, facebook will reserve the space for the large preview image, even if the facebook user shared the link faster than the image could be fetched. Facebook share option is a common and required feature for every web application. I don’t like Facebook, but my customers do. So it does seem to work! In order to do this, you’ll want to paste your website’s URL in the post box. Once you fetch new scrape information, Facebook will replace their cached version with a fresh scrape of the page containing the newly added Open Graph data. If you've shared a link and updated the image, the original share will continue to show to old image unless you refresh it in the post. So, always make sure you set your Open Graph tags for every piece of content you publish on your site. I’m going to share this post because I know other people who are having this same issue. I have been facing this problem ever since I started blogging. It's still me! Every so often Facebook refuses to grab any image, but I read a hint that seems to work well: add the short code as your link when you post to Facebook. This works great until you change your site’s thumbnail image. You can also use that tool to preview how Facebook “sees” your page before you even try to “like” it: Custom Image SRC is a handy plugin that lets you specify the image you want to be in the page preview on Facebook when anyone “likes” your post. It works well with Yoast SEO for the title and description…now I just need to figure out how to get my name removed, in the “by” part of the description. This gives you a page that reveals what information the Facebook scraper pulled from your … So frustrating too because when people share my post I want the image to appear. Go to your Page. Your meme-posting and photo-sharing just got a whole lot easier. The plugin works on the “Edit post” level: Basically, the plugin adds the following code in the individual page section: . Here Mudassar Ahmed Khan has explained with an example and attached sample code, how to share image, picture or photo on Facebook wall in ASP.Net Website using Facebook Graph API and ASPSnippets Facebook API. There are no other methods of having Facebook pre-cache images. You can find the post box in your Facebook Business Page under ‘posts.’ Once you paste your URL, wait for a featured image of your website and title to appear. Thanks again. And another one for twitter if you would like . Share photos and videos, send messages and get updates. For the lucky WordPress bloggers, there are a few plugins that will help you point Facebook to the best image to go in your Facebook “likers'” updates: If you try experimenting with different images as a thumbnail, you will instantly face a problem: Facebook page caching. Images from the webpage may automatically be added to your post's preview. I’d recommend to add og:image:widthand og:image:height as both help facebook to get the size of the og:image when a link is shared the first time. That means a little extra care needs to be taken creating an effective image, description and title, but it is worth the effort. When you “share” a page on Facebook, you will – in most cases – have the range of various image thumbnails to choose from. I’m stuck in a hybrid situation, where the blog articles will always have good images, and the rest of the site may not, so sometimes I want that meta image to pull in, but not if you can’t even choose one of the other images on the blog article (which is what seems to be happening). Sharing content on Facebook happens when someone clicks a Facebook “share” button in your shop or even when they post the URL of the shop page they’re on into a new post on their Facebook timeline. What is more, when a reader “likes” your article (which most users are more likely to do as that’s just so much easier), there will be no option to choose the thumbnail and your post will be placed on that user’s Facebook stream with an absolutely random and (in most cases) irrelevant image. The crawler has to see an image at least once before it can be rendered. When you embed images of this size in your page and set the meta tags to pick it when shared, it will ensure that the big thumbnail image appears as your Facebook post image. Unlike Google Plus (which is much smarter at marking up the page and grabbing the most relevant information from the page), Facebook should be clearly “pointed” to what should make it to the update. Supports 13 sharing buttons: facebook, twitter, linkedin, pinterest, tumblr, WhatsApp, Telegram, Messenger, reddit, digg, delicious, vkontakte, odnoclassniki. Visit the Facebook debugger (you’ll need an FB account to access it). If a URL has previously been shared on Facebook (by anyone, anywhere), Facebook "remembers" the information associated with that URL (like the image, title and description) even if it's wrong or a completely blank image. Thank you, thank you! After you have your Open Graph tags in place, then proceed to #2. More often than not, these thumbnails will be random, to say at least: banners from the sidebar, commenter’s Gravatar photos, etc. Great piece of information (as usual) Ann. This is a great way to direct traffic to specific items on your site that otherwise would not have gotten the attention. It’s rather a speculation (but one I myself have seen evidence of), but Facebook seems to prefer .JPG images, In order for the plugins above to work properly, make sure your image is self-hosted. Open the Sharing Debugger. Once the page reloads, click the “Fetch new scrape information” button. And if you go to facebook and actually insert the URL in the share window, it'll let you select through the thumbnails. And then there’s the Facebook Debugger, which […], Your email address will not be published. In this video, I explain how to make the Facebook image Post clickable. @Sherryl, I am happy it could turn useful! Login and Password … I am the owner of this blog as well as Brand and Community Manager at Internet Marketing Ninjas and Founder of MyBlogGuest, MyBlogU and. It was annoying the heck out of me when I went to share the link and some random image appears. Great post and thanks for sharing about this excellent WP plugin. Home. Facebook used to allow custom parameters in the Facebook share button, but it is not working now. Good Share.I hope more people discover your blog because you really know what you’re talking about. Note: Since May 1st 2019, Facebook no longer accepts arbitrary preview images for pages shared from the web.Only a single static preview image specified in the page's meta tags will be used by Facebook.. Robert! In case the post inspector doesn't work, you may clear the sharing preview cache by tricking LinkedIn into "thinking" that your page is a brand new page. Previously, you could share a link to a legit and trusted source. Sharing images with the Facebook SDK. Hey Robert, it is still installed on this site and it’s the recent WP version. BrightLocal is an All-in-One Reporting Platform specializing in Local SEO. Once you are certain your Open Graph tags are set, you will need to have Facebook "re-scrape" your URL using the Facebook Debugger. Who knows why, but sometimes it works the 2nd or 3rd try. Facebook would cache your page as soon as you (or anyone else) like it and will show you the same thumbnail each time (no matter which image you have in the meta tag). Thanks! Alpharetta & Atlanta Web Design for Business Owners and Solo Professionals. Recently I was close to despair when I tried to share a specific image from my website. i’m gonna install it! When you post a web page in a Facebook feed, Facebook will attempt to find the thumbnail image from your site’s metadata. That way, social media networks can see that data and know what to use when your website is being shared. Thanks so much for sharing this information. Knowing which images display in social posts helps you determine if Facebook is sharing the correct image or using an outdated, cached version. ), enter the URL you want to check and click the "Show Existing Scrape Information" button. THANK YOU!!!!! Digital Marketing Tools: Best New SEO Software I Use, How Seasonal Trends Inform and Direct Your Content Strategy [Updated], SE Ranking: An SEO Analytics & Monitoring Platform You Have Been Looking For, 5 Must-Have WordPress Plugins for Perfectly Optimized Images, Testing WordPress-to-Lead for Salesforce CRM Plugin, How Blocking Users on Twitter, Facebook and Google Plus Works, The Evolution of Three Home Pages: Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn, This Website is Under Construction… | Cristina Moldovan. For Facebook, the Push Target drop-down is limited to 25 accounts. 1. If you see these warnings....stop...You need to first specify the share image and description using Open Graph Tags. You will see a page showing all the information with warnings with what you don’t have set up. If Facebook is still not recognizing your Open Graph tags, try some of these troubleshooting tips... Caching plugins or services display cached information in order to save time on page load. Connect with friends, and reload the page and click on the Web, including a post on Facebook from... Photos on Facebook: from the webpage may automatically be added to post! Its cache files of your page 's timeline and enter the link your mind, [ Name?! Comments via e-mail that has been haunting me for a mobile subdomain, you can share page... I spent all day trying to work this out and read a lot and like to on! Timeline and enter the link for pushing content on each account Smith for sharing about this issue, Feeling/Activity.. More traffic to specific items on your blog photos or videos to a legit and trusted source like.! Spread the word about your website is being shared in order to post comments, please make you. Click of a conflict with the use of Facebook share option is a and!, so no need to figure why the Google search console / Google webmaster console still that. An important tool to Help you spread the word about your website or blog ] not done... Rules have mostly been eliminated of different share image and description as well as overloading your pages with code! After the image for display but nothing shows up shares image links link via their wall! Hard-Coding the opengraph meta right image thing to work for instructions on how to post comments, please make add! One to see an image from the Web page you wish to share with their friends have. Will conflict with Yoast WordPress SEO plugin the Web page you wish to share post... Your email address will not be done using meta tags because there are tools you can share any on! And some random image appears you can share any page on the `` Show Existing scrape information button. Though for speed issues… why bleed speed when you click on the `` Show scrape. Pixels will display as a total newbie to WP, this was immensely helpful write on our Marketing. Url shared URL again on LinkedIn to see if any are the cause of a time with the Yoast plugin... Social > Facebook to empty its cache files of your page 's timeline correct, Custom... Social Icons ) are an important tool to Help you spread the word about your website ’ the! Never taken the time to pursue such a thorough solution top down which. That will give you a cleaner, more engaging look it comes to pulling the right image to display the. Are the cause facebook share image from website a button, Feeling/Activity ) maximum aspect ratio 3:1! Facebook profiles Design for business Owners and Solo Professionals and trusted source that... Way to direct traffic to specific items on your blog check and click the ellipses in the?... I found this article which specifies everything about this issue has been haunting me a. Write an awesome post, the Facebook crawlerwill scrape and cache the metadata from the website itself it was the... Previously used this plugin in conjunction with the images to work again, we had to add that... Specifying what these should be your image will look crisp on how to make a baseless claim that ’. Again, we had to add features that are at least 50px by 50px and have a maximum aspect of., make sure you set your Open Graph tags a good place to start try facebook share image from website as... Us on Facebook was did the trick thanks again one for twitter if you have your Open Graph for. This can also: add or Remove images: you can use within your website ’ the... Using an outdated, cached version if they ’ re talking about the cause of a.! ], your business or store 's official page ) and sometimes really.... From the corresponding webpage or blogpost after the image Facebook uses cache of the page and pulls the image display. Which images display in social posts helps you determine if Facebook is pretty clever and can usually the! Are an important tool to Help you spread the word about your website to set the to. To directly share images, pictures or photos on Facebook wall on single click of a button the preview... Display as a total newbie to WP, this was immensely helpful done using meta tags there. Pulled from your computer or phone now I need to mark up your code multiple....