Great Smoky Mountains National Park preserves a rich cultural tapestry of Southern Appalachian history. S… Before the arrival of European settlers, the region was part of the homeland of the Cherokees. Most residents within the newly established park boundaries were offered payment for their properties. Great Smoky Mountains National Park History On June 15, 1934, Great Smoky Mountains National Park was officially established. They had their own written alphabet and had permanent towns and intricate political systems in place. In 1830 President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, beginning the process that eventually resulted in the forced removal of all Indian tribes east of the Mississippi River to what is now Oklahoma. Smoky Mountains History The origin of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park can be traced back to 1923 when Mrs. Willis P. Davis of Knoxville, Tennessee traveled to the American West and was amazed by the beauty preserved in the western national parks such as Yellow Stone. Evidence of earlier plate tectonic geologic events are found in rocks of the Great Smoky Mountains, attesting to an incredibly long and active geologic history in this area. The creation of Great Smoky Mountains National Park was a drastic departure from the process by which earlier national parks, mostly in the West, were established – by act of Congress from lands already in public ownership. Several of the surrounding towns – such as Gatlinburg, TN – are dependent on tourism for their economy. The Smoky Mountains in Tennessee have had a long history of settlers, starting with the prehistoric Paleo Indians to early Europeans to loggers in the 20th century. The idea of creating a national park in the Southern Appalachians came from local individuals in the communities surrounding what would become the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. 107 Park Headquarters Road Great Smoky Mountains is the most visited national park in the United States, and it’s no wonder! Unlike these Western parks all of the land in the East had been in private ownership for generations and would need to be purchased, parcel by parcel. While other regions gave way to new influences as the centuries passed, the isolation of the Appalachian Mountains preserved this unique culture well into the 21st century. - 1000 A.D.) sites found within the park contained 2000+-year-old ceramics and evidence of primitive agriculture. No federal money was originally provided to purchase land for the Smokies. The mountains have had a long human history spanning thousands of years-from the prehistoric Paleo Indians to early European settlement in the 1800s to loggers and Civilian Conservation Corps enrollees in the 20th century. A majority of the streams remain at or near their carrying capacity of fish and offer a great opportunity for fishing all throughout the year. The park strives to protect the historic structures, landscapes, and artifacts that tell the varied stories of people who once called these mountains home. 107 Park Headquarters Road It’s stunning views and rich, cultural history make it a must-visit attraction! Gatlinburg, TN 37738 By joining us, you can help us make it another great day in the Smokies. The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is America’s most visited national park, with more than 11 million visitors a year, roughly triple the number that come to Yellowstone or Yosemite National Parks. The Great Smoky Mountains National Park was originally part of the homeland of the Cherokee Indians until European settlers started settling in the 18th and 19th century. Great Smoky Mountains National Park The business plan was simple: Buy forested land, log it completely, and, once the area is logged, sell it. We have been connecting people and nature for over 50 years. When you take into consideration the national park is only turning 100 in 2016, that is a lot of Smoky Mountain history we may never know about. The rock slides in 1984 briefly closed the Newfound Gap Road. Their rich biodiversity is a remnant of the last Ice Age, when glaciers stopped their southward advance short of the Great Smokies, setting up a treasury of living things that … Numerous Archaic period (c. 8000–1000 B.C.) It protects the largest swatch of upland forest east of the Mississippi. From our home in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, our research and residential programs investigate the diversity that sustains all life, develop a sense of place, and cultivate a stewardship ethic that will influence lifelong decision-making. However, this was a big one because Great Smoky Mountains was dedicated as a national park for the whole world to enjoy. The National Parks Conservation Association calculated 150 days of unhealthy air from 1993 to 2003. There are 8 dates that absolutely changed the course of history of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, each helping to make the park what it is today. The Smoky Mountains have about 2,900 miles of streams, all of which you can fish in! The Smokies are named for the blue mist that always seems to hover around the peaks and valleys. The Smoky Mountains in Tennessee have had a long history of settlers, starting with the prehistoric Paleo Indians to early Europeans to loggers in the 20th century. Elkmont History. The ONLY site you need to plan your Smoky Mountain vacation. Here are a few more things you’ll want to know about the history of the Smoky Mountain National Park. • GSMNP is the most polluted park in the United States. So in honor of Irish History Month, enjoy learning about the rich role they played in Smoky Mountain history. If you go to visit the park, make sure you observe … This caused the large V-Slash on Mount LeConte. • Great Smoky Mountains National Park is the most visited park in the United States. The Little River Lumber Company bought over 80,000 acres of wilderness in what is now the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. It is surrounded by over 1.6 million acres of U.S. Forest Service lands which help provide Great Smoky Mountains visitors with breath-taking views of row-after-row of mountains and ridges stretching to the horizon with only the most scattered evidence of human development – a rare sight in the heavily-populated Eastern U.S. Click Here to View National Park Hours and Visiting Information. The bear lives in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, which straddles North Carolina and Tennessee. It’s the Most Visited National Park in the U.S. In fact, it protects one of the last wild trout habitats in the eastern United States. Native Americans have likely been hunting in the Great Smoky Mountains for 14,000 years. In 2010, the park clocked in over 20 million visitors. To learn more, read bout the people who protect the cultural resource of the park, or check out our collections, which include the research library and the Database of the Smokies. The movie has been preserved by the US National Archives. How did the Great Smoky Mountains National Park get its name? History of the Smokies The Great Smoky Mountains are among the oldest mountains on Earth. The Parkway, the main road running through these popular towns, is a hodgepodge of family-friendly attractions, local and chain restaurants , outlet malls, and local artisans selling their goods. Once vacated, most of the buildings and homes were demolished. In 1951, there were landslides caused by a torrential downpour. In 1941, the annual number of visitors to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park reached one million. Today, Elkmont is primarily a campground within Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is an 800-square-mile mountain wilderness that is federally owned and managed by the National Park Service. Those local leaders led an effort that resulted in the States of North Carolina and Tennessee to appropriate funding, which was later matched by donations to purchase the 6,600 tracts of private land that had to be acquired to create the Park. 7. The Smoky Mountains Are Among the Oldest in the World It is estimated the mountains in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park are between 200 and 300 million years old. (865) 436-1200. artifacts have been found within the national park's boundaries, including projectile points uncovered along likely animal migration paths. The park strives to protect the historic structures, … Great Smoky Mountains National Park It's the most visited National Park in the United States. • Fontana Dam, the northbound entrance of GSMNP on the Appalachian Trail, is the largest dam east of t… Water runoff has also helped to create the alternating patterns of steep ridges and V-Shaped valleys. With roughly 1,500 resident black bears, the area has been dubbed by some as “black bear country.” The bears are just one of the features that make this place a VIP—that is, a very important park! 37738. History Of The Great Smoky Mountains National Park April 29, 2013 In the 1700s, the Great Smoky Mountains were inhabited by the Cherokee Indians who were a very culturally advanced people. It's so big that scientists are still discovering some of the plant and animal species that live there. Things to do in the Great Smoky Mountain National Park: Prominent individuals in those communities had visited Western parks and saw how they were protecting some of America’s most beautiful landscapes and disappearing wildlife. The park is home to more than 1,500 bears, so keep your eyes open when hiking the Smoky Mountain trails. Frontiers people began settling the land in the 18th and early 19th century. Great Smoky Mountains National Park The Great Smoky Mountains National Park in Tennessee and North Carolina takes in the ridgeline of the Great Smoky Mountains and a portion of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The history of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park is rich and as interesting as the park is beautiful! While they might look round today, the Great Smoky Mountains initially looked more like the Himalayas. Visitors are able to visit almost 80 preserved log cabins, churches, grist mills and historic landscapes that serve as “windows” into the lives of the rugged Scotch-Irish immigrants who settled the mountain in the early 19th century. Today we are diving into the history of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The Smoky Mountains' virgin forest drew the attention of logging companies in the late 1800s. The mountains have had a long human history spanning thousands of years-from the prehistoric Paleo Indians to early European settlement in the 1800s to loggers and Civilian Conservation Corps enrollees in the 20th century. They also saw how creation of a national park could bring with it good roads, new jobs and an infusion of tourist spending. Visitors are able to visit almost 80 preserved log cabins, churches, grist mills and historic landscapes that serve as “windows” into the lives of the rugged Scotch-Irish immigrants who settled the mountain in the early 19th century. Woodland period (c. 1000 B.C. How they came to be this way is a story that began almost one billion years ago. History of the Great Smoky Mountains Today, the Great Smoky Mountains, particularly the areas in and around Gatlinburg, Pigeon Forge , and Sevierville, attract millions of visitors each year. Gatlinburg, TN The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is, by far, one of the most diverse national parks in the United States. Parks › Tennessee › Smoky Mountains › History & Culture The Great Smoky Mountains are among the highest peaks in the Appalachian mountain range, yet they are rounder and lower in elevation than younger mountain chains such as the Rocky Mountains. Then in 1934, the Great Smoky Mountains was officially established as a National Park. Beginning as a rough and tumble logging town, Elkmont gradually evolved into a haven for the socially prominent and wealthy members of nearby Knoxville, Maryville, and Chattanooga.Many cottages were built and used for the summer. During one of these earlier continental collisions, tremendous pressures and heat were generated, which changed or "metamorphosed" the Smokies sedimentary rocks. Smoky Mountain Photos from Visit My Smokies, All the Details About New Years Eve at The Island in Pigeon Forge, 6 New Attractions in the Smoky Mountains Coming in 2021, 6 of the Best Views of the Smoky Mountains in the Winter. Great Smoky Mountains is the most highly visited national park in the country (if you don't count a parkway and National Recreation Areas, which are visited more, but not truly national parks.) And this is because of its many recreational activities, beautiful scenery, and more history than it gets credit for. In our more than 65 years of operation, we have contributed $46 million to the park. The Origins of Scots-Irish See our history. The Cherokee called them Great Smoky Mountains National Park preserves a rich cultural tapestry of Southern Appalachian history. These visitors are drawn by the sweeping mountain views, 730 miles of pristine mountain streams, carpets of wildflowers and a lush forest that lead to the Park’s recognition as an “International Biosphere Reserve.” It is home to abundant wildlife including black bears, elk, white-tailed deer and 200 species of birds. Many of the Cherokee left, but some, led by renegade warrior Tsali, hid out in the area that is now the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Watch a historic video about Great Smoky Mountains National Park, filmed by the United States Division of Motion Pictures in 1936. It is part of the Appalachian Mountain Chain and has some of the highest mountain peaks east of the Mississippi River. You can support Great Smoky Mountains National Park by becoming a member of GSMA, shopping in our stores, and participating in the many exciting programs we offer. Don McGowan/Friends of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. 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