Additionally, you need to keep in mind that such a list is not a simple reflection of the main ideas related to your topic. A thorough literature review will show the journal editor and referees that you have done your research and are aware of existing research in your field. Weissenberg and Buker (as cited by Riley, 2008, pg. Methodological: The method or practice applied in a case study can be the basis for organizing a literature review. Review There are numerous ways to organize the material in a lit. These are the two main ways to organize your literature review. Don’t worry about how these ideas fit together. A literature review is used in the introduction and discussion of your manuscripts. The advantage to this method is that it will give you a broad sense of how the field of research has developed over time. One of the purposes of the literature review is to provide an overview and synthesis of information; grouping similar articles gives you a framework for your overview. Step 2 (this post) involves organizing and screening your information. Once you complete these six steps, you will have a complete draft of your literature review. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Divide your review into two main parts: 1. One thing you can do is think out loud when you’re putting your search together so you’re aware of the logic of it, where you’ve used ‘and’ or ‘or,’ or other operators. There are numerous ways to organize the material in a lit. Identify new ways to interpret prior research. To prevent a bad structure from penetrating your literature review, use sub-headings and then organize your literature reviews under each of these sub-headings. When taking notes, avoid plagiarism by: keeping track of the difference between information from your sources and from your own ideas; providing clear references, including page numbers; Note taking methods review. Overview of the literature review process, including examples of different ways to organize a lit review. Similarly to the structure of the research report itself, the literature review consists of: Body - summative, comparative, and evaluative discussion of literature reviewed. You will use common points among the sources you have gathered to help you synthesize the material. Repeat this for each section of your literature review. Here's how I do it using Microsoft Word. It should have a single organizing principle: Although your literature review will rely heavily on the sources you read for its information, you should dictate the structure of the review. To group authors who draw similar conclusions, you can use linking words such as: When authors disagree, linking words that indicate contrast will show how you have analysed their work. from … There needs to be a clear relationship between the literature review and the methodology to follow. 2) Use Active and Passive Voice One of the easier ways to paraphrase the literature review is to use active or passive voice. For example, one might organize the selected readings by. Taking clear, legible notes will help to focus your critical reading and analysis of your literature review sources. It is important that the concepts are presented in an order that makes sense of the context of your research project. Organise it in stages of how the topic has changed: the first definitions of it, then major time periods of change as researchers talked about it, then how it is thought about today. British Journal of Nursing, 17(1), pp.38-43. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Has your summary of the current literature contributed to the reader's understanding of the problems. How to structure and write your literature review. It is important to note that there are differences in how literature reviews should be presented in each section. History: The chronological progression of the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a chronology. If you want to know more about how to write a literature review, the information above will greatly assist you. Different ways to organise your literature review include: It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. The Review of Related Literature The review of related literature is an essay that should show why your research needs to be carried out, how you came to choose certain methodologies and theories to work with, and how your work adds to the research already carried out by others. I recommend you to take note of these aspects and to summarize them using one or more tables. Words such as: will indicate to your reader how you have analysed the material. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. The great thing about this process is that it breaks down into manageable steps something that seems enormous: writing a literature review. You could also differentiate other pieces in your folder like books, by starting at 2000, for example. There are many ways to organize the body of your writing. In this way you ensure that you are synthesizing the material, not just describing the work already carried out in your field. Dissertation literature review If you are writing the literature review as part of your dissertation or thesis, reiterate your central problem or research question and give a brief summary of the scholarly context. Undertaking a literature review: A step-by-step approach. Every thesis must contain a literature review part, normally in chapter 2 or chapter 3. Doing this will help you maintain focus on the details while keeping focus on the big picture and the overall chain of logic inherent in your review. Sage, ; Hart, Chris. Ways to Organize Your Literature Review Chronological of Events If your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials according to when they were published. A literature review is an important part of a scientific manuscript submitted for publication to a journal. Have you indicated the purpose of the review? organize the review into paragraphs that present themes and identify trends relevant to your topic; each paragraph should deal with a different theme - you need to synthesize several of your readings into each paragraph in such a way that there is a clear connection between the sources; don't try to list all the materials you have identified in your literature search They also make it very … Another helpful idea to manage the process of reviewing the literature is a Synthesis Matrix. Place each work in the context of its contribution to understanding the research problem being studied. 3. You are not trying to list all the material published, but to synthesize and evaluate it according to the guiding concept of your thesis or research question. Cronin, P., Ryan, F. & Coughlan, M. (2008). MAJOR MODELS or MAJOR THEORIES: When there are multiple models or prominent theories, it is a good idea to outline the theories or models that are applied the most in your articles. This is an interactive tutorial from Adelphi University Libraries on how to conduct a literature review in education and the behavioural sciences using library databases, This tutorial is from the Writing section of Monash University's Language and Learning Online site, This guide is from the Health Services Writing Centre at the University of Toronto, This guide is part of the Writer's Handbook provided by the Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, This guide provides an introduction to the conduct and organization of a literature review, UWI St. Augustine Campus Libraries - Trinidad and Tobago, Literature Review in Education & Behavioral Sciences, The Literature Review: A Few Tips on Conducting It, Learn How to Write a Review of the Literature, Define or identify the general topic to provide the context for reviewing the literature, Identify overall trends in what has been published about the topic, Identify conflicts in theory, methodology, evidence, and conclusions, Identify gaps in research and scholarlship, Explain the criteria to be used in analysing and comparing the literature, Describe the organization of the review (the sequence), If necessary, state why certain literature is or is not included (scope), organize the review into paragraphs that present themes and identify trends relevant to your topic, each paragraph should deal with a different theme - you need to synthesize several of your readings into each paragraph in such a way that there is a clear connection between the sources, don't try to list all the materials you have identified in your literature search, summarize the main agreements and disagreements in the literature, summarize the general conclusions that have been drawn, establish where your own research fits in the context of the existing literature. CONTRASTING SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT: If you find a dominant argument comes up in your research, with researchers taking two sides and talking about how the other is wrong, you may want to group your literature review by those schools of thought and contrast the differences in their approaches and ideas. Just like most academic papers, literature reviews must contain at least three basic elements: an introduction or background information section; the body of the review containing the discussion of sources; and, finally, a conclusion and/or recommendations section to end the paper. Cronin, P., Ryan, F. & Coughlan, M. (2008). It is usually wise to move from broad to narrow. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. I’m curious to hear your thoughts on this spreadsheet approach and to also know what other methods you might be using to organize your literature. Organize your literature review thematically. You can then organise other authors into groups by which famous authors' ideas they are following. Regardless of which method you choose, there are a few other significant aspects to keep in mind such as using powerful and logical transitions between ideas. Organize the literature review into sections that present themes or identify trends, including relevant theory. Is there a logic to the way you organized the material? Consider possible ways of organizing your literature review: Chronological, ie. Posted on April 6, 2012 Updated on October 13, 2013. Using a Synthesis Matrix. Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study. different theoretical approaches; specific concepts or issues; different methodologies employed; level of support or otherwise that they lend to one’s own hypothesis/theory. PROMINENT AUTHORS: If a certain researcher started a field, and there are several famous people who developed it more, a good approach can be grouping the famous author/researchers and what each is known to have said about the topic. Organize your review into segments that present themes or pinpoint trends, including pertinent theory. https://ait.libguides.com/literaturereview, Undertaking a literature review: A step-by-step approach, Topical order (by main topics or issues, showing relationship to the main problem or topic), Chronological order (simplest of all, organise by dates of published literature). i *Mind Mapping: 1. Literature reviews synthesize large amounts of information and present it in a coherent, organized fashion. A concise, well-organized literature review that contains relevant information is preferable to a review containing many studies that are only peripherally related to your research problem. • When investigating a heavily researched and well-developed area, review only those works that are directly related to your specific research problem. III. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. A literature review is a summary of studies related to a particular area of research. This will give completeness to your … CHRONOLOGICAL (by date): This is one of the most common ways, especially for topics that have been talked about for a long time and have changed over their history. Provide your reader with the most general information first, then building toward the specifics of your research concerns. Describe the relationship of each work to the others under consideration. Have you indicated when results were conflicting or inconclusive and discussed possible reasons? Important: A literature review is not series of annotations (like an annotated bibliography). This is an ideal situation. In a literature review you will be combining material from several texts to create a new text – your literature review. At other times, you may want to qualify an author's work (using such words as specifically, usually, or generally) or use an example (thus, namely, to illustrate). With this organisation it can help to look at the citations your articles list in them, to see if there is one author that appears over and over. A literature review is a piece of discursive prose, not a list describing or summarizing one piece of literature after another. Write down all ideas that you’ve identified from reading the literature. For example, if the review topic was arts-based research, your review may focus on different ways artistic inquiry was used to understand the creative process, focusing then on the concepts rather than the development. Another major problem is that literature reviews are often written as if they stand alone, without links to the rest of the paper. This approach should only be followed if a clear path of research building on previous research can be identified and that these trends follow a clear chronological order of development. Don’t take any more space than you need to present your ideas.• annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed The active voice of an original sentence can be changed to a passive voice or vice versa. Organize your literature review chronologically or historically. different theoretical approaches; specific concepts or issues; different methodologies employed; level of support or otherwise that they lend to one’s own hypothesis/theory. This can be a good way to introduce a lot of background and related facets of your topic when there is not much directly on your topic but you are tying together many related, broader articles. 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